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Artists by Movement:
Neoclassical Art

Mid-18th Century to Early-19th Century


Neoclassical Art is a severe and unemotional form of art harkening back to the grandeur of ancient Greece and Rome. Its rigidity was a reaction to the overbred Rococo style and the emotional charged Baroque style. The rise of Neoclassical Art was part of a general revival of interest in classical thought, which was of some importance in the American and French revolutions.

Important Neoclassicists include the architects Robert Smirke and Robert Adam, the sculptors Antonio Canova,Jean-Antoine Houdon and Bertel Thorvaldsen, and painters J.A.D. Ingres, Jacques-Louis David and Anton Raphael Mengs.

Around 1800, Romanticism emerged as a reaction against Neoclassicism. It did not really replace the Neoclassical style so much as act as a counterbalancing influence, and many artists were influenced by both styles to a certain degree.
 
Neoclassical Art was also a primary influence on 19th-century Academic Art
        

 
 
Chronological Listing of Neoclassical Artists
 
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Jean-Francois de Troy 1679-1752 French Painter
 
Giovanni Paolo Pannini 1691-1765 Italian Painter
 
Jean Restout 1692-1768 French Painter
 
Louis-Joseph Le Lorrain 1715-1759 French Painter
 
Joseph Marie Vien 1716-1809 French Painter
 
Giovanni Battista Piranesi 1720-1778 Italian Engraver
 
Gavin Hamilton 1723-1798 Scottish Painter
 
Martin Knoller 1725-1804 Austrian Painter
 
Louis Jean Francois Lagrenee 1725-1805 French Painter
 
Giovanni Battista Cipriani 1727-1785 Italian Painter
 
Francois-Hubert Drouais 1727-1775 French Painter
 
Robert Adam 1728-1792 Scottish Architect/Designer
 
Anton Raphael Mengs 1728-1779 German Painter
 
Augustin Pajou 1730-1809 French Sculptor
 
Johann Zoffany 1733-1810 German Painter
 
Thomas Banks 1735-1805 English Sculptor
 
Claude-Nicolas Ledoux 1736-1806 French Architect
 
Joseph Nollekens 1737-1823 English Sculptor
 
Jean-Jacques-Francois Le Barbier 1738-1828 French Painter
 
Benjamin West 1738-1820 American Painter
 
Juan de Villanueva 1739-1811 Spanish Architect
 
Jean-Jacques Lagrenee 1739-1821 French Painter
 
Mariano Salvador Maella 1739-1819 Spanish Painter
 
John Hamilton Mortimer 1740-1779 British Painter
 
Johan Tobias Sergel 1740-1814 German/Swedish Sculptor
 
James Barry 1741-1806 Irish Painter
 
Jean-Antoine Houdon 1741-1828 French Sculptor
 
Angelica Kauffmann 1741-1807 Swiss Painter
 
Nicolai Abildgaard 1743-1809 Danish Painter
 
Louis-Jean Desprez 1743-1804 French Painter/Architect
 
Thomas Jefferson 1743-1826 American Architect/Politician
 
Giacomo Quarenghi 1744-1817 Italian Painter/Architect
 
Adam Weisweiler 1744-1820 German/French Furniture Artist
 
Francois-Andre Vincent 1746-1816 French Painter
 
Jacques-Louis David 1748-1825 French Painter
 
Adelaide Labille-Guiard 1749-1803 French Painter
 
Giuseppe Ceracchi 1751-1801 Italian Sculptor
 
Friedrich Heinrich Fuger 1751-1818 German Painter
 
Sir John Soane 1753-1837 English Architect
 
Andrea Appiani 1754-1817 Italian Painter
 
Marie-Victoire Lemoine 1754-1820 French Painter
 
John Flaxman 1755-1826 English Sculptor
 
Thomas Stothard 1755-1834 English Painter
 
Marie Louise Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun 1755-1842 French Painter
 
Joseph Chinard 1756-1813 French Sculptor
 
William Rush 1756-1833 American Sculptor
 
John Trumbull 1756-1843 American Painter
 
Antonio Canova 1757-1822 Italian Sculptor
 
Pierre Cartellier 1757-1831 French Sculptor
 
Joseph Roques 1757-1847 French Painter
 
Felice Giani 1758-1823 Italian Painter
 
John Hoppner 1758-1810 English Painter
 
Pierre-Paul Prud'hon 1758-1823 French Painter
 
Guillaume Lethiere 1760-1832 French Painter
 
Rose Adelaide Ducreux 1761-1802 French Painter
 
Jean-Baptiste Joseph Wicar 1762-1834 French Painter
 
Charles Bulfinch 1763-1844 American Architect
 
Antoine-Denis Chaudet 1763-1810 French Sculptor
 
Jean-Germain Drouais 1763-1788 French Painter
 
Johann Gottfried Schadow 1764-1850 German Sculptor
 
Francois-Xavier Fabre 1766-1837 French Painter
 
Anne-Louis Girodet de Roussy-Trioson 1767-1824 French Painter
 
Marie-Guillemine Benoist 1768-1826 French Painter
 
Francois Gerard 1770-1837 French Painter
 
Bertel Thorvaldsen 1770-1844 Danish Sculptor
 
Vincenzo Camuccini 1771-1844 Italian Painter
 
Antoine-Jean Gros 1771-1835 French Painter
 
Francois-Frederic Lemot 1772-1827 French Sculptor
 
Jose Aparicio 1773-1838 Spanish Painter
 
Pierre-Athanase Chauvin 1774-1832 French Painter
 
Pierre-Narcisse Guerin 1774-1833 French Painter
 
Marie-Francoise-Constance Mayer-Lamartiniere 1775-1821 French Painter
 
Pelagio Palagi 1775-1860 Italian Painter/Designer
 
John Vanderlyn 1775-1852 American Painter
 
Rembrandt Peale 1778-1860 American Painter
 
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres 1780-1867 French Painter
 
Jose de Madrazo y Agudo 1781-1859 Spanish Painter
 
Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg 1783-1853 Danish Painter
 
Francois-Joseph Heim 1787-1865 French Painter
 
Francois-Joseph Navez 1787-1869 Belgian Painter
 
John Gibson 1790-1866 British Sculptor
 
Louis-Leopold Robert 1794-1835 Swiss Painter
 
John Graham Lough 1798-1876 English Sculptor
 
Karl Briullov 1799-1852 Russian Painter
 
Denis Auguste Marie Raffet 1804-1860 French Painter
 
Horatio Greenough 1805-1852 American Sculptor
 
Hiram Powers 1805-1873 American Sculptor
 
Solomon Alexander Hart 1806-1881 English Painter
 
Giovanni Maria Benzoni 1809-1873 Italian Sculptor
 
Hippolyte Flandrin 1809-1864 French Painter
 
Chauncey B. Ives 1810-1894 American Sculptor
 
Henri Lehmann 1814-1882 German/French Painter
 
Thomas Crawford 1815-1857 American Sculptor
 
Jules-Eugene Lenepveu 1819-1898 French Painter
 
Jules-Elie Delaunay 1828-1891 French Painter
 
Anselm Feuerbach 1829-1880 German Painter
 
Harriet Goodhue Hosmer 1830-1908 American Sculptor
 
Edmonia Lewis 1845-1911 African-American Sculptor
 
Daniel Chester French 1850-1931 American Sculptor
 

 
 
 




 
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